Doing business in India requires one to choose a type of business thing. In India one can choose from five different types of legal entities to conduct web business. These include Sole Proprietorship, Partnership Firm, Limited Liability Partnership, Private Limited Company and Public Limited Company. The choice of the business entity is right down to various factors such as taxation, ownership liabilities, compliance burden, investment options and exit strategy.
Lets look at organizations entities in detail
This is the most easy business entity to determine in India. It does not have its own Permanent Account Number (PAN) and the PAN of the owner (Proprietor) acts as the PAN for the Sole Proprietorship firm. Registrations different government departments are required only on a need basis. For example, when the business provides services and service tax is applicable, then registration with the service tax department is compelled. Same is true for other indirect taxes like VAT, Excise many others. It is not possible to transfer the ownership of a Sole Proprietorship from one in order to person another. However, assets of such firm may be sold from one person diverse. Proprietors of sole proprietorship firms infinite business liability. This signifies that owners’ personal assets could be attached to meet business liability claims.
A partnership firm in India is governed by The Partnership Act, 1932. Two or more persons can form a Partnership subjected to maximum of 20 partners. A partnership deed is prepared that details the amount of capital each partner will contribute towards partnership. It also details how much profit/loss each partner will share. Working partners of the partnership are also allowed to draw a salary businesses The Indian Partnership Act. A partnership is also permitted to purchase assets in its name. However internet websites such assets are the partners of the firm. A partnership may/may not be dissolved in case of death of partner. The partnership doesn’t really have its own legal standing although a unique Permanent Account Number (PAN) is used on the partnership. Partners of the firm have unlimited business liabilities which means their personal assets can be belonging to meet business liability claims of the partnership firm. Also losses incurred with act of negligence of one partner is liable for payment from every partner of the partnership firm.
A partnership firm may or might not be registered with Registrar of Firms (ROF). Registration provides some legal protection to partners in case they have differences between them. Until a partnership deed is registered an issue ROF, it are not treated as legal document. However, this does not prevent either the Partnership firm from suing someone or someone suing the partnership firm from a court of guidelines.
Limited Liability Partnership
Limited Liability Partnership (LLP) firm is really a new involving business entity established by an Act of the Parliament. LLP allows members to retain flexibility of ownership (similar to Partnership Firm) but provides a liability immunity. The maximum liability of each partner a great LLP has limitations to the extent of his/her purchase of the set. An Online LLP Incorporation in India has its own Permanent Account Number (PAN) and legal status. LLP also provides protection to partners for illegal or unauthorized actions taken by other partners of the LLP. Somebody or Public Limited Company as well as Partnership Firms are allowed to be converted into a Limited Liability Partnership.
Private Limited Company
A Private Limited Company in India is in order to a C-Corporation in north america. Private Limited Company allows its owners to subscribe to company shares. On subscribing to shares, owners (members) become shareholders of the company. A personal Limited Clients are a separate legal entity both treated by simply taxation and also liability. Private liability within the shareholders is bound to their share cash. A private limited company could be formed by registering company name with appropriate Registrar of Companies (ROC). Draft of Memorandum of Association and Actual Association are prepared and signed by the promoters (initial shareholders) of the company. Of those ingredients then sent to the Registrar along with applicable registration fees. Such company possess between 2 to 50 members. To tend to the day-to-day activities with the company, Directors are appointed by the Shareholders. A non-public Company has more compliance burden when comparing a Partnership and LLP. For example, the Board of Directors must meet every quarter and at least one annual general meeting of Shareholders and Directors must be called. Accounts of an additional must prepare in accordance with Taxes Act and also Companies Act. Also Companies are taxed twice if profits are to be distributed to Shareholders. Closing a Private Limited Company in India is a tedious process and requires many formalities to be completed.
One good side, Shareholders of any Company can change without affecting the operational or legal standing of this company. Generally Venture Capital investors in order to invest in businesses are usually Private Companies since permits great greater level separation between ownership and processes.
Public Limited Company
Public Limited Company is a Private Company with no difference being that associated with shareholders of the Public Limited Company could be unlimited along with a minimum seven members. A Public Company can be either placed in a stock market or remain unlisted. A Listed Public Limited Company allows shareholders of vehicle to trade its shares freely throughout the stock exchange. Such a company requires more public disclosures and compliance from the government including appointment of independent directors on the board, public disclosure of books of accounts, cap of salaries of Directors and Boss. As in the case associated with a Private Company, a Public Limited Company is also a separate legal person, its existence is not affected the actual death, retirement or insolvency of each of its investors.